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Zodiac: Libra
Sep 24 - Oct 23
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The Messier Objects

In the 18th century, french astronomer Charles Messier compiled a catalogue of diffuse astronomical objects. This catalogue is known as the Messier Catalogue. Its objects are numbered M1 through M110. The Messier Catalogue is of great practical importance mostly for amateur astronomers, since it contains the most brightest and beautiful deep-sky objects in the night sky. Among them are the famous Andromeda Galaxy (M31) and the well-known Orion Nebula (M42).
M1 (NGC 1952, Crab Nebula)
a supernova remnant in the constellation Bull
Image credit: NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State University)

M2 (NGC 7089)
a globular cluster in the constellation Water Carrier
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky

M3 (NGC 5272)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M4 (NGC 6121)
a globular cluster in the constellation Scorpion
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky

M5 (NGC 5904)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M6 (NGC 6405, Butterfly Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Scorpion

M7 (NGC 6475, Ptolemy Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Scorpion

M8 (NGC 6523, Lagoon Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: NASA

M9 (NGC 6333)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
Image credit: ESA/Hubble, NASA

M10 (NGC 6254)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
Image credit: ESA/NASA

M11 (NGC 6705, Wild Duck Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Shield

M12 (NGC 6218)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder

M13 (NGC 6205, Great Globular Cluster in Hercules)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hercules
Image credit: Adam Block/Sid Leach/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M14 (NGC 6402)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder

M15 (NGC 7078)
a globular cluster in the constellation Winged Horse
Image credit: ESA, Hubble, NASA

M16 (NGC 6611, Eagle Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Snake
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M17 (NGC 6618, Lobster Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M18 (NGC 6613)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer

M19 (NGC 6273)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder

M20 (NGC 6514, Trifid Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M21 (NGC 6531)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer

M22 (NGC 6656, Sagittarius Cluster)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M23 (NGC 6494)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer

M24 (NGC 4715)
an asterism in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M25 (NGC 4725)
an open cluster in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M26 (NGC 6694)
an open cluster in the constellation Shield

M27 (NGC 6853, Dumbbell Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Fox
Image credit: NASA and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)

M28 (NGC 6626)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M29 (NGC 6913)
an open cluster in the constellation Swan
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M30 (NGC 7099)
a globular cluster in the constellation Capricorn
Image credit: NASA / ESA

M31 (NGC 224, Andromeda Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
Image credit: NASA, ESA, J. Dalcanton (University of Washington, USA), B. F. Williams (University of Washington, USA), L. C. Johnson (University of Washington, USA), the PHAT team, and R. Gendler.

M32 (NGC 221)
a dwarf galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
Image credit: NASA/ESA and Thomas M. Brown, Charles W. Bowers, Randy A. Kimble, AllenV. Sweigart (NASA/ESA Goddard Space Flight Center) and Henry C. Ferguson ( Space Telescope Science Institute)

M33 (NGC 598, Triangulum Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Triangle
Image credit: ESA/Hubble and NASA

M34 (NGC 1039)
an open cluster in the constellation Perseus

M35 (NGC 2168)
an open cluster in the constellation Twins

M36 (NGC 1960)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer

M37 (NGC 2099)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M38 (NGC 1912)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer

M39 (NGC 7092)
an open cluster in the constellation Swan

M40 (NGC 99999999, Winnecke 4)
a double star in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: Atlas Image obtained as part of the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation.

M41 (NGC 2287)
an open cluster in the constellation Big Dog

M42 (NGC 1976, Orion Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M43 (NGC 1982)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M44 (NGC 2632, Beehive Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Cancer
Image credit: Atlas Image [or Atlas Image mosaic] obtained as part of the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation.

M45 (NGC 1432, Pleiades)
an open cluster in the constellation Bull
Image credit: STScI and NASA

M46 (NGC 2437)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck

M47 (NGC 2422)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck

M48 (NGC 2548)
an open cluster in the constellation Sea Serpent

M49 (NGC 4472)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M50 (NGC 2323)
an open cluster in the constellation Unicorn

M51 (NGC 5194, Whirlpool Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: NASA, ESA, S. Beckwith (STScI), and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)

M52 (NGC 7654)
an open cluster in the constellation Cassiopeia

M53 (NGC 5024)
a globular cluster in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M54 (NGC 6715)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M55 (NGC 6809)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M56 (NGC 6779)
a globular cluster in the constellation Lyre
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky

M57 (NGC 6720, Ring Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Lyre
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).

M58 (NGC 4579)
a bar galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Kennicutt (U. of Ariz./Inst. of Astr., U. of Cambridge) and the SINGS Team

M59 (NGC 4621)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M60 (NGC 4649)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M61 (NGC 4303)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M62 (NGC 6266)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder

M63 (NGC 5055, Sunflower Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs

M64 (NGC 4826, Black Eye Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M65 (NGC 3623, Leo Triplet)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M66 (NGC 3627, Leo Triplet)
a bar galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration. Acknowledgement: Davide De Martin and Robert Gendler

M67 (NGC 2682)
an open cluster in the constellation Cancer

M68 (NGC 4590)
a globular cluster in the constellation Sea Serpent

M69 (NGC 6637)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M70 (NGC 6681)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M71 (NGC 6838)
a globular cluster in the constellation Arrow

M72 (NGC 6981)
a globular cluster in the constellation Water Carrier

M73 (NGC 6994)
an asterism in the constellation Water Carrier

M74 (NGC 628)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Fishes
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).

M75 (NGC 6864)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer

M76 (NGC 650, Little Dumbbell Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Perseus
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M77 (NGC 1068, Cetus A)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Whale
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M78 (NGC 2068)
a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M79 (NGC 1904)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hare

M80 (NGC 6093)
a globular cluster in the constellation Scorpion

M81 (NGC 3031)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: NASA, ESA, A. Zezas (CfA), and A. Filippenko (UC Berkeley) Acknowledgment: Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) & O. Fox (University of California, Berkeley)

M82 (NGC 3034, Cigar Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA). Acknowledgment: J. Gallagher (University of Wisconsin), M. Mountain (STScI) and P. Puxley (NSF).

M83 (NGC 5236, Southern Pinwheel Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Sea Serpent
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Acknowledgement: William Blair (Johns Hopkins University)

M84 (NGC 4374)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M85 (NGC 4382)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M86 (NGC 4406)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M87 (NGC 4486, Virgo A)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).

M88 (NGC 4501)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M89 (NGC 4552)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M90 (NGC 4569)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin

M91 (NGC 4548)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M92 (NGC 6341)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hercules
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

M93 (NGC 2447)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck

M94 (NGC 4736)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

M95 (NGC 3351)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion

M96 (NGC 3368)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA and the LEGUS Team

M97 (NGC 3587, Owl Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Great Bear

M98 (NGC 4192)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M99 (NGC 4254)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M100 (NGC 4321)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair

M101 (NGC 5457, Pinwheel Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: European Space Agency & NASA

M102 (NGC 5866)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Dragon

M103 (NGC 581)
an open cluster in the constellation Cassiopeia

M104 (NGC 4594, Sombrero Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA/ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)

M105 (NGC 3379)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Lion

M106 (NGC 4258)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler (for the Hubble Heritage Team). Acknowledgment: J. GaBany

M107 (NGC 6171)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder

M108 (NGC 3556)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear

M109 (NGC 3992)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear

M110 (NGC 205)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Andromeda

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